Persistent fear begins in childhood from the age of seven
About 7% of the world’s population has some form of permanent fear 8from Greek phobos meaning fear). Phobias are permanent fears, i.e. irrational and disabling fears caused by certain objects, people or situations. Fear is an anxiety disorder that begins in childhood at the age of 7. In addition to the existing fear, there is a strong need of the individual to avoid objects, persons or situations that the individual is afraid of. This can cause serious problems in a person’s functioning. Resisting fear causes even greater anxiety even though the phobic person realizes that the fear is excessive or unfounded. Phobias include fear of closed space, water, school, snakes, dentists, old age, driving, balloons, obesity, height, loneliness, war and the like. Phobic people are usually not afraid of the object but of terrible consequences (for example, drowning in the sea). People who fear questioning and criticism suffer from social phobia. People who are afraid to leave the house (or be out of the house in a situation where they might be helpless) suffer from agoraphobia. The mentioned situations cause redness of the cheeks, strong heartbeat, sweating, trembling, stuttering or fainting. Gary Greenberg wrote in 1999 an interesting book about phobias called “The Pop-up Book of Phobias” available on Amazon with the description:
Fear of heights, fear of spiders, fear of flying, fear of death–everyone is afraid of something. And these pop-ups place you in the hot seat–whether it’s the dentist’s chair as the drill comes spinning toward you; looking over the edge of a skyscraper whose sheer face plummets thousands of feet to the sidewalk far below; or the window seat of a plane as the oxygen mask deploys, your drink spills, and the horizon line shifts to an angle that is suddenly, terribly wrong . . .
Brought to life by outrageously macabre artwork and startlingly innovative pop-ups, The Pop-up Book of Phobias is an engineering marvel and cult classic in the making–an offbeat holiday treasure sure to become this season’s most talked-about gift book.
Eisoptrophobia – interesting but this is the fear of a mirror or a person’s personal look in the mirror. These people are ashamed, scared and even get depressed after looking in the mirror – according to a scientific study that investigated this type of fear.
Pluviophobia is the fear of rain and belongs to the group of fears of natural phenomena. It can include fear of hurricanes, snow, cold and wind. These people may also have a little more knowledge of meteorology, which gives them a better understanding of the possible threats related to weather changes, scientists write.
Phonophobia is an abnormal fear of sounds. Scientists say that these are normal and common sounds (closing the door, louder speech, etc.). these sounds cannot harm a person and can overlap with strong reactions to sound. Everything is reported by the part of the brain “in charge” of sound processing.
Numerophobia is the fear of practicing math or working with numbers that is not the same as a student’s fear of a math exam. This is not a fear that a person is afraid of big zeros or units hidden under the bed or in the closet. Research says that doctors who have this fear often ignore new data due to aversion to numbers and statistics.
Thalassophobia is the fear of the sea or the ocean or deep water. This is the fear of the unknown, unlike the fear of unknown animals that live and lurk in deep waters.
Ephebiphobia is the fear of young people or adolescents. Demographic research has long recognized that some older people in almost every generation have a mild form of this phobia. This means that young people are seen as people over whom they have no control or are backward. Parenting is perhaps the best way to deal with this type of fear.
Emetophobia is the fear of vomiting. Scientists sometimes compare this fear to social phobias because patients often feel the shame of vomiting in front of other and unknown people. Looking at certain foods can trigger this fear, write scientists from Columbia University.
Nomophobia is the most popular phobia today, ie the fear of losing a mobile phone. This is a newer kind of fear. A recent study in Italy defined phobia as a feeling of anxiety and nervousness already at the thought of losing a phone and a mobile phone or fear of disappearing the internet or consuming a battery on a mobile phone.
Urophobia is the fear of urinating. This fear can occur in people who have bladder problems and sometimes an uncomfortable feeling of “accident” in a public place. Some people are terrified of urinating in the presence of other people, which experts consider a subcategory of social anxiety.
Taphophobia is perhaps one of the most annoying fears. This is the fear that the person will be buried alive. Research says that this fear has been around since the 17th century during the Black Plague. At that time, people were afraid that doctors would mistakenly declare them dead and bury them alive. Then taphophobia took hold, so the authorities decided that doctors should wait a few days before declaring a person dead and then perform a funeral.