Dictionary of culinary and nutritional terms and expressions
A dictionary of culinary and nutritional terms and expressions that every person can use and need in everyday life and meal preparation.
Tannins are natural plant polyphenols in fruits, tea and chocolate. They are responsible for the organoleptic properties of wine and tea. They have a pungent taste. Oak and acacia contain the most tannins. Tannins have multiple healing roles – bactericidal and fungicidal action, they have a hemostatic effect because they narrow blood vessels and create a plug of clotted blood. That is why a glass of wine a day is recommended.
The tahini-basic ingredient of halva is a thick frothy creamy paste made from crushed sesame seeds. It can be used in the form of spreads, toppings, salads and other dishes. Tahini is extremely healthy because it contains calcium, magnesium and phosphorus, as well as vitamin E, niacin, folic acid and coenzyme Q10. It contains large amounts of protein and fiber, simple sugars which are important and only good fats.
Tacco– is a crispy corn tortilla is fried in oil. This tortilla is folded and stuffed with minced meat, avocado and tomato sauce, mashed beans, white cheese and sliced lettuce.
Tapas-is a Spanish word denoting small portions of cooked and uncooked appetizers. Tapas used to mean a piece of bread that was used to make a glass of wine so that flies would not gather. Today, these are snacks that can be prepared with all possible ingredients (chicken, ham, crabs, vegetables, various types of cheese, shellfish, vegetables). Tapas is served with sherry or other wine.
Tortilla – a popular Mexican small bread made of corn flour. It is usually combined with chicken, vegetables or cheese.
Tofu is a cheese made from soy whey. It has a neutral taste. It easily gets extra flavors that combine with this cheese. This cheese is low in fat and does not contain cholesterol. It is rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals. It can be used in sauces, salads, fried or baked or marinated. The shops sell tofu in soft, firm, fresh, smoked or spicy form. The taste of this cheese depends on it.
Tempura-this is a Japanese word from a culinary dictionary. This is a method of preparation in which vegetables or fish are dipped in a mixture of flour and water and fried in hot oil for a few minutes. It is best to use sunflower or corn oil. A special taste is obtained by adding 10% sesame oil. The best oil temperature is when the vegetables first fall to the bottom and then rise to the surface immediately. Use fresh vegetables chopped into small sticks that need to be dried before dipping into the dough. This dish is served with various sauces.
Truffle- this is a species of fungus that grows underground in oak forests in Europe. It grows at depths of 30 cm to 70 cm, depending on the type of mushroom. It has an irregular shape and fleshy consistency, but exceptional taste and aroma. Only mature specimens are used whose price is extremely high. The most famous are black and white truffles. The largest breeders are France, Italy, Croatia (Istria region) and Bosnia and Herzegovina (town Zenica mostly) . These mushrooms are harvested with the help of dogs with special training-seekers.
Tempeh is a product of soy, water and a special type of mold (Rhizopus oligosporus). It originates from the island of Java (Indonesia). It can be purchased at health food stores or made by mixing cooked and peeled soybeans and tempeh starers (left to ferment for one day). Thus tempeh gets a natural antibiotic that prevents intestinal infection. This soy product is great for the prevention of various types of cancer, reduces blood fat and blood pressure and restores the strength and vitality of the body. It tastes similar to mushrooms. This low-calorie product contains little saturated fat, no cholesterol. It is rich in proteins and minerals (calcium, iron, magnesium and phosphorus) and B vitamins. Tempeh should be marinated and fried (or otherwise heat-treated) before consumption. It is used as an addition to soups and stews. In some dishes, this product is a great substitute for meat.