Pediatric diabetes can be prevented by a Mediterranean diet
Obesity in children is accompanied by metabolic syndrome – which affects the occurrence of diabetes and heart disease. Experts in endocrinology, diabetes and metabolic diseases always warn of the danger of childhood obesity, which is very widespread in the world.
Metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular disease. These factors include stomach obesity, impaired blood sugar regulation, high blood pressure and high fat. The syndrome occurs in childhood and is more pronounced in obese children.
Obesity and type 2 diabetes among children occur primarily due to insufficient physical activity, sitting in front of computers and TVs and low representation of fruits, vegetables, cereals, fish and olive oil in the diet. Research says that if patients reduce their body weight and waist circumference, it will also have beneficial effects on the regulation of fat, blood pressure and sugar levels. This prevents the occurrence of the metabolic syndrome or corrects the already existing syndrome.
1.A Mediterranean diet rich in complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber from fruits, vegetables and grains, monounsaturated fatty acids from olive oil and olives is advised.
2.Children should reduce their intake of saturated fatty acids from pork, cured meats, fatty cheeses and spreads.
3.Frying food in sunflower oil should be avoided due to the formation of lipid peroxides.
4.Children should instead be given cooked food or stewed in water with the addition of olive oil, baked in the oven and sometimes on an electric grill.
5. Physical activity of at least 30 minutes in 5 weeks is also mandatory – endocrinologists advise.