10 tips for growing vegetables, spices and herbs in pots
Flowers are the decoration of gardens, balconies and windows. However, the leaves, flowers and fruits of vegetables, herbs and medicinal plants combine beauty and utility by planting them in pots. Both useful and decorative plants require the preparation of pots, planters and soil (enriched with nutrients). Cultivation of flowers, vegetables, herbs and medicinal plants is different.
- More nitrogen can be added to the soil for flowers to make it greener, more phosphorus to make the flowers bigger, and more potassium to make the flowers more resistant to weather conditions.
- You should not add too much phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen (and other plant nutrients) to vegetables (which you want to use in your diet), because the excess can cause harmful consequences for the human body.
- At the bottom of the container (in which you will plant plants and spices), first place a drainage layer of fine gravel or potsherds 1 cm thick – before pouring the soil into the pot and preparing for planting the plants.
- The soil for potted vegetables should be well prepared. The best mixture is soil from the garden, humus and sand in a ratio of 3:2:1. Ready mixtures can already be obtained in flower shops and nurseries.
- The soil for vegetables can be enriched with compost, burnt manure or some inorganic or organic fertilizer. For example, for 10 liters of soil, 30 grams of combined mineral fertilizer or humus, or earthworms at most 20% are needed. The soil for vegetables should be loose and rich in nutrients. Vegetables require more nutrients than herbs. Earthworms are good, but in small quantities.
- Weed plants can often help identify soil quality. For example, buttercup with a strong root shows that the soil is hard and compacted. Buckthorn with strong roots shows that the soil is hard and compacted. There is not much humus in the places where yarrow, sorrel and horsetail grow. This means that such land should be composted and loosened. Nettles, chamomile and thistle show that the soil is fertile and suitable for planting.
- Tomatoes can be grown in pots from seeds or even better from cuttings, small hot peppers, pepperoni. Tall burania succeeds very well and has a beautiful appearance, but requires the necessary support for climbing. A larger bush of zucchini in a pot will look decorative. It’s for cucumbers.
- Strawberries on the terrace in pots are not new just like many other types of dwarf fruit. You can combine strawberries, but strawberries like to choose their company. Lettuce doesn’t like parsley, but that’s why roses smell better in the presence of onions.
- Most herbs (as opposed to vegetables) prefer poor garden soil. Herbs are best planted with a little sand. Herbs: rosemary, parsley, dill, basil and mild mint will be close at hand and have a nice smell (which will bother many insects, for example mosquitoes).
- Choose the sunniest place for that small garden, even if it is on the window, because the sun’s rays are important for the growth, development and ripening of fruits/herbs/vegetables. Plants use direct sunlight/energy to build cells. Man then takes it over by taking fresh food, fruits and vegetables.