Croatian scientist Nikola Tesla was born on this day, July 9, 1856
On November 6, 1915, the famous “The New York Times” informed its readers on the magazine’s front page that the eternal rivals (in the multi-year war of “electricity”) Nikola Tesla and Thomas Alva Edison received the Nobel Prize for Physics. The news turned out to be false. The source of the news was a correspondent of London’s “The Daily Telegraph” from Copenhagen who made a mistake. The journalist forwarded the seductive news to the banker John Pierpont Morgan junior (who helped him financially in some ventures). Tesla was thus deprived more than any other physicist and scientist, even though he indebted humanity with ingenious ideas and experiments.
Dr. Mark Seifert from the United States is an excellent connoisseur of the works and work of Nikola Tesla. Dr. Seifert investigated why such a thinker never won the Nobel Prize (although he was nominated) in the book “The Wizard: The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla – Biography of a Genius” (based on a doctoral dissertation on the same subject). Nikola Tesla was praised and celebrated everywhere, but he did not escape the Promethean fate. Thus, he was left without the scientific distinction that all scientists long for. Dr. Siefert has carefully studied Tesla’s legacy, which is kept at the Smithsonian’s Institute in Washington, D.C. in the American state of Washington and at Columbia University in New York and in the Nikola Tesla Museum (Belgrade, Serbia). He was amazed that two outstanding inventors did not become Nobel Prize winners. Dr. Seifert concludes: “It can be said that it is incredible that none of them ever received it and that no one from that era then discovered the reason behind this strange historical quirk.” In 1915 the winners were William Henry Brag and Lorence Henry Brag. There is no information in the archives of the Royal Stockholm Academy that Nikola Tesla was among the winners (although two votes are missing in the archives/files, i.e. votes 33 and 34). Dr. Seyfert reveals that in 1937 Professor Felix Erenhaft from Vienna (who had previously nominated Albert Einstein) nominated Nikola Tesla for the award. Dr. Eren Haft referred to the statue of the Nobel Foundation that older scientific works can be rewarded if their significance is seen in recent times (this meant the discovery of high-frequency currents and rotating magnetic fields). The Nobel committee rejects the recommendation with the explanation that these ingenious inventions (which are the precursors of electrical engineering) were made 4 decades earlier. Today, it is not a rare case that achievements (that have stood the test of time) are later rewarded.
At the end of 2007, Croatian scientist Vladimir Par from the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts stated that Nikola Tesla should be awarded at least 10 Nobel Prizes. Scientist Par supported the claim with a simple fact – on the basis of the scientific breakthroughs for which the insight and ideas of the unsurpassed Serbian researcher and inventor preceded and earned him the Nobel Prize. Everyone can read the “Amazing Discoveries” insert. The particle accelerator and the linear accelerator have been awarded and classified under one discovery, although no one has yet been awarded for the radar. It is assumed that what was meant was the forerunner of the transistor (or logic circuit “and”) for which William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain received the Nobel Prize in 1985 (first for the study of semiconductors and then for the transistor effect) and the ionized plasma for which in 1932 Irving Langmuir received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. The remaining inventions (vacuum tube, fluorescent lamp, satellites in geostationary orbit, remote control i.e. cruise missiles, cryogenic liquid, particle weapons, aircraft with vertical take-off, worldwide communication network i.e. internet, etc.
2 questions remain unsolved regarding Nikola Tesla’s contribution to physics: the discovery of X-rays and the discovery of electrons. As early as 1894, Tesla noticed that the closed photographic plates placed next to the cathode ray tube were getting damaged. He immediately suspected that it was the result of some radiation, which was confirmed in several places. At the beginning of 1895, the laboratory was set on fire when Tesla was supposed to put these findings into shape. The laboratory was completely burnt down. Tesla was disappointed (waiting for the restoration of the laboratory), especially when at the end of 1895 Wilhelm Roentgen announced the discovery of the same unknown radiations. Tesla then hastened to publish his findings in the magazine “Electrical Review” and in several other articles describing the discoveries in detail. In 1896, the discovery of the electron was attributed to Joseph John Thompson, which further tickled curiosity. Croatian academician Vladimir par states that in 1891 Tesla published the results of his own experiments with electric discharge in a vacuum tube (which he interpreted as the action of electrically charged particles) in the journal Electrical engineering. The article was harshly condemned by Thomson, but Tesla replied: “The observed phenomenon is a consequence of the movement of small electrically charged particles that collide at high speed with the molecules of a rarefied gas.” In repeated experiments, Thomson proved that there are electric sane particles such as Tesla besieged. He called them electrons and won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
It is interesting that Guillermo Marconi received the Nobel Prize in 1909 for the invention of radio. Despite the fact that in 1943 the competent American court granted the patent rights to Tesla. The Nobel Foundation has never re-examined its own original decision.
Tesla also preceded other inventions with other great inventions certified by the most brilliant scientific recognition. 1903 Tesla invented a radar that was only made in 1937. In the same year, he announced the idea for an electron microscope, which was still awaited for 28 years. He presented the idea for an accelerator of charged particle beams in 1891, and the first linear one was made in 1932. With the widely publicized cosmic rays of 1897 (certainly presented to the public), he predicted the latter experimental discovery in 1912. amazing. In 1899 he announced induced radioactivity, which was performed 35 years later, and in 1893 he announced a laser-like device whose discovery was awaited until 1960. It is clear to the uninitiated that saying that the images we see are caused by a reflex effect of the brain on the retina – which is the most general television show-announced much before the others. Tesla was convinced that such a technological miracle (which he called Television) was achievable. In 1893, Tesla created a ruby device that excited and emitted a light beam as thin as a pencil with an electric current. The structure of the device resembled the latter ruby laser. Hence, it is understandable to assume that Tesla actually received a laser beam of light. Tesla mentioned “death rays” to journalists at the time, which may have been laser rays. Maybe one day some scientists will investigate in detail all the discoveries of Nikola Tesla and correct the wrongs done. According to this inventor of inevitable discoveries.
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