Drinking water and drinking water reserves should be preserved and accessible to everyone
It is known that survival on Earth is questionable if people continue to consume and destroy water resources at this rate. The United Nations has declared March 22 as World Water Protection Day in order to raise awareness and aspire to preserve drinking water reserves and make them available to everyone.
A person can last several weeks without food and only a few days without liquid. That is why it is understandable to state that drinking water is one of the most important needs of people. However, water is not only for quenching thirst and preventing dehydration of the body (we know that water makes up 70% of human body weight), but also for maintaining hygiene, irrigating crops, functioning of industry and is an energy potential. That is why water is an important factor in the economic and social stability of all countries in the world.
Water gives life but also the progress of every community. The lack of water in any country means stagnation and is often the reason for numerous conflicts and wars. The fact is that more than 75% of the earth’s surface is covered with water, which should not be misled because fresh water accounts for only a small part, or 2.5%. The remaining 97.5% is salt water.
The largest amount of fresh water (68.9%) is in glaciers
About 30% of fresh water is in groundwater and only 0.3% is in lakes and rivers. The fact that less than 1% of the total amount of drinking water is available to people should be added to this calculation – to understand the importance of clean water.
The United Nations (considering the general and not at all optimistic state of water supply on Earth) constantly appeals to all countries to define national strategies and initiate projects whose attention is devoted to water and water protection. The main goal for decades has been to reduce the number of people who have no access to water. That number is not negligible and is constantly growing. It is estimated that over 1 billion people do not have access to drinking water, and even 2 billion or more do not have proper sanitary conditions, which is the main reason for high mortality in Africa and Asia (especially children under 5 years of age). Experts also say that “alarm bells” have not been needlessly advertised for decades. The world’s annual water consumption is about 800 cubic meters per person and is constantly increasing. Sources of clean water are not increasing, but (due to use, pollution and climate change, above all temperature rise) are rapidly decreasing, and the number of inhabitants is constantly increasing. The World Commission on Water warns that by 2025, two thirds of the population could be thirsty and dirty.
UNESCO experts have dramatic thoughts about water. In less than 2 decades, there will be more than 8 and a half billion inhabitants on Earth, while in the next quarter of a century that number will probably exceed 11 billion people. Water consumption will increase by 40%.
The lack of hydroreserves leads to poverty, hunger, epidemics and has become the cause of global conflicts
We know that the time will soon come when the need for hygienic water will exceed the water supply. And the main wish of the UN is to avoid any dramatic scenario, so the UN declared the whole decade 2001-2010 as “the decade of appeals for the controlled use and protection of water”.
Currently, there is more polluted water on the planet than in the basins of the world’s 10 largest rivers. More than 20% of fish species (in river courses) are on the list of endangered species. Deep wells are being dug faster than nature can replenish these supplies. It is no secret that in developed countries reservoirs with drinking water and dams with water are considered an essential factor of national security and economic prosperity, but the consequences for the environment and the destruction of ecosystems caused by this type of water storage are less well known.
Despite the rivers, lakes and springs that we constantly see around us and on the media, the overall situation is not bright, and the bill for the uncontrolled cutting of forests and the arrogant pollution of water and the environment is still to come.
People entered the new millennium with the problem of a lack of drinking water. A more efficient and rational way of using water is the best solution to the problem of the lack of drinking water. That’s not difficult. The data shows that due to carelessness (or a faulty distribution system) about 30% of the water never reaches its destination. And even when it arrives, it is most often used sparingly because of the low price. Turn off the water while you brush your teeth and immediately change the rubber on the faucet as soon as the faucet starts leaking.
Water was and remains a daily necessity. However, due to the rapid development of technology, the industry’s water needs are constantly decreasing. If the production of 1 ton of steel required 100 tons of water (about 50 years ago), today only 6 tons of water is enough. At one time, the famous newspaper The Wall Street Journal wrote that the only jobs whose earnings exceed 150% are jobs related to hydro reserves. People just need to remember that life came from water and they should try harder so that precisely because of water, life should not disappear.