Everything about the origin, disinfectants and treatment of the bird flu virus
The N5 virus is notorious for killing. But is there any protection, what should people pay attention to, which means of disinfection should they use, how dangerous is the consumption of eggs, poultry meat and poultry meat products.
Avian flu is not transmitted by thermally processed food
The N5 virus is destroyed in a second already at 70 degrees C. The N5 virus is transmitted by direct contact with birds or poultry. In practice, it could look like this: a guest who would order and enjoy a roasted chicken in a restaurant would have absolutely no consequences – but the consequences would be for the chef who prepared the chicken. That’s why an ordinary citizen (consumer) should know that the only safe way to buy poultry and poultry products is from state-owned stores (which buy poultry through registered poultry farms that are controlled by the sanitary inspection and veterinary services). Buying eggs from a “basket”, from the street (eggs whose origin is unknown) is never safe, because these eggs do not have an official health certificate. The same rule applies to poultry meat products (chicken pates, sausages, chicken salami, smoked chicken and turkey delicacies, etc.). And these products should only be purchased from proven manufacturers.
Although these types of poultry are not resistant to the vicious N5 virus (because they did not have the opportunity to meet and become familiar with the virus and develop immunity), it turned out that chickens and turkeys are the most susceptible to the virus. Many people are afraid of pigeons (which are omnivores), but pigeons have been shown to be resistant to bird flu. There is no information about sparrows getting sick. Pets – birds (canaries, parrots, etc.) – are protected if they are kept in the home and do not have the possibility of meeting wild birds.
Swallows are not pets and live in close proximity to people (where they develop nests under the roofs of houses, on terraces and under balconies). They are a potential danger because swallows are migratory birds and can be carriers of the N5 virus. The N5 virus can live in swallow feces for up to 3 weeks. This means that there is no playing with wild birds, even swallows. People should stay away from these birds. Dogs and cats can be carriers of the virus, which can remain on their fur and paws. Dogs and cats can bring a dead bird (which may be infected) into the house or among the poultry. That is why it is necessary to keep the poultry closed and prevent possible contact with potential sources of danger. It is especially important to protect poultry food from rats and wild birds and to give them water from a tap (not from a pond, stream or lake where wild birds land).
At the entrance to the yard, householders can place a trough with some disinfectant (say diluted sodium hydroxide, baking soda or some chlorine preparation). These preparations can be bought in any agricultural pharmacy. These disinfection barriers can also be made of sponge boards soaked in disinfectants. It helps if the guests as well as the owners of the household destroy the viruses that can be found on the shoes when entering the house or the area where the animals stay. Soap and water are sufficient for hand washing. Wipes with alcohol are a great substitute when there is a lack of water and soap. General yard hygiene, pest control, prescribed disposal of animal manure in bags with lime are additional precautionary measures. These measures are simple, effective and cheap if people follow all the measures.
- Vegetarians will not get infected with the bird flu virus if they eat poultry meat. This can only happen if a fresh vegetable is chopped on a board where infected poultry meat was chopped.
- Bird flu is an atypical plague – or bird plague, and there are several types of bird flu. For example, “Newcastle” is a well-known atypical disease that can be prevented with a vaccine and is not dangerous to humans.
- If a person sick with human flu is in contact with poultry infected with the N5 virus, then that person can also become infected with bird flu. In the organism (by exchanging genes between these two types of viruses), a new one will be created that can be transmitted from person to person with the possibility of causing a pandemic. The consequences may be similar to those of the Spanish flu, which claimed more lives than wars in recent history.
- Although a weak virus dies at high temperatures – 60 degrees it dies in half an hour, at 70 degrees it dies in a second – the N5 virus has shown toughness at low temperatures, so even deep freezing does not destroy it. Even the smoking process cannot harm the virus.
- Signs of disease – if the poultry is cursing in a corner and refuses food, has swelling on the neck and there is also blueness, cyanosis of the rump and underbelly, blood spots on the legs, the poultry is breathing hard and struggling for air – it means that it has been attacked by a highly pathogenic virus of avian flu. It is low-pathogenic and causes mild digestive and respiratory disorders, but it is no less dangerous.
- Wild birds tied to water and lakes as a source of food – cannot transmit the N5 virus to fish. However, you should know that the virus can remain on the scale, so there is a theoretical possibility of infection. Canned fish is not dangerous because the processing destroys the bacteria and viruses.
- Way of virus transmission – virus carriers are wild birds that rarely get sick, but poultry can be infected by direct contact with them or through water and food that they take together. Infection can also be caused by rodents and other animals, as well as by humans ingesting the virus on car wheels, clothes, shoes, and equipment. Bird flu is not transmitted from one person to another, and until about 30 years ago it could not pass from birds to humans. All 180 sick people in the world were infected by direct contact with sick poultry, and in Hong Kong by eating food – a kind of blood clot made from fresh goose blood.
- Symptoms in humans coincide with those caused by ordinary viremias – fever, sneezing, cough and diarrhea.
- If properly kept poultry becomes infected with the N5 virus, then the entire flock should be destroyed, the state should pay compensation to the owner, and an infected zone with a diameter of 3 to 10 kilometers should be declared in that area.