More than half of the “world’s largest lungs” (Amazonia) could disappear by 2040
Experts warn that due to uncontrolled deforestation, more than half of the Amazon could disappear by 2040. Nevertheless, nature lovers and supporters of ecology are happy to visit Sivau-Siparini (Amazon’s unique ecological reserve).
The Amazon occupies over 40% of Brazil’s surface. The largest rainforest in the world is located here. The rainforest is the size of Europe and produces over 40% of the oxygen on Earth. Amazonia is located from the foothills of the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean. Less than 4% of Brazil’s population lives here. It is interesting that at the beginning of June 2007, the Brazilian Office for Indians reported that a tribe had been discovered – whose members had not had any contact with the outside world until then. This news caused great interest at the time.
The Metiktira tribal people have about 80 members. It lives in an inaccessible part of the rainforest, far from land and waterways. Two members of the Metiktir tribal people suddenly appeared in the village of Kauaru, and thus a new people was discovered. Their appearance only confirmed the fact that this part of the world hides a lot of secrets.
The Amazon River is the water-richest water system and the water-richest river in the world. It has a length of 6400 km, of which over 4300 are navigable. The Amazon River has over 1,000 tributaries. The first Europeans, Francisco de Oregllana, arrived before 1541. He named the river after the Amazons from Greek mythology, who were reminded of them by the women of the native tribes he fought with.
Today, the Amazon River and the luxuriant rainforest (in many places still intact) are not defended by bellicose warriors, but by numerous environmental organizations and individuals (who know what kind of species they are). And the local population consciously and wholeheartedly help these individuals and environmental associations. They are determined to save this ecological natural habitat from further destruction. Already in 1992, the Association of Amazonia Natural and Ecological Reserve Sivau-Siparina was founded. In 1995, this reserve was opened to tourists. The reserve is about 500 km away from the Brazilian city of Manaos. It stretches from the border of the Brazilian states of Amazonas and Roraima on an area of 172,000 hectares. The area is mostly covered by rainforest with rich and diverse flora and fauna. Over 8,000 animal species live here, many of which are rare and endemic.
Members of the Kaboklo tribe (which has about 570 members, mostly under the age of 15) are the only permanent residents of this national park. They are also custodians of enormous natural wealth. They conscientiously take care of the reserve and do not allow excessive use of natural resources or any activity that damages the environment. The reserve is open throughout the year. Tourists arrive in Manaos by plane and then by boat to the reserve. After 30 hours of sailing on rivers that lazily make their way through lush vegetation and enjoying the game of giant otters and river dolphins, the tourists arrive at the reserve.
Tourists stay in “malakos” (houses made of wood and straw built in the native style). Although there is no luxury here, guests are taken care of. All houses have bathrooms. Kaboklo cooks prepare dishes in a nice restaurant mostly from river fish, dried crabs, yucca leaves and piranhas (local vegetables and exotic fruits).
The reserve is an ideal place to feel and experience another life with all your senses. The people of Kabaklo, using a mixture of Portuguese, English and local dialect, sincerely try to bring their homeland closer to every guest and ensure an interesting stay. There is the possibility of canoeing on the rivers inhabited by bloodthirsty piranhas and yellow-red-eyed caimans, as well as many exotic plants and animals. The air smells of vanilla. Tourists can also try fishing (more than 850 species of fish live in the Amazon basin) and try bow and arrow shooting or hunting for magnificent butterflies or play a game of soccer or grind cassava flour (which forms the basis of cooking). Since the establishment of this unique project, the community has grown and many important things have been realized. Schools were established, malaria was eliminated, smuggling of tropical plant and animal species was prevented. A farm was established in the middle of the jungle where livestock and agricultural crops are raised according to strict ecological rules.
Staying in the reserve is a unique and unforgettable experience. Every visitor should respect the laws of the jungle and nature. You should pack comfortable clothes (several long pants for walks in the rainforest, bermuda shorts and shorts for staying on the river, cotton t-shirts with long and short sleeves, comfortable closed shoes, a hat or cap, sunglasses, a raincoat, mosquito repellent, a camera and binoculars). You can take some handicrafts from the reserve (for example, a fruit basket woven from lianas and wicker).