6 useful tips and information about colonoscopy
Colon cancer is a disease of today and it is constantly increasing. In some countries of the world, a test for colon cancer is even mandatory (at the invitation of the parent health center) after the age of 40. This, together with the test for cervical cancer and breast cancer, is the only mandatory examination in some countries of the world – say a colorectal surgeon and a proctologist. Prevention of these diseases is important.
- How colon cancer occurs – there are so-called internal and external factors, as for all malignancies. Internal factors are more hereditary and their influence is smaller than external factors. The appearance of this disease is influenced by improper food rich in carbohydrates, fats and proteins that slow down digestion. Constipation and disordered digestion lead to the accumulation of toxins in the body and the appearance of tumors. It has been shown that residents of countries where more fibrous food is eaten have regular digestion and a lower incidence of rectal cancer.
- The most common symptoms of colon cancer – one of the suspicious symptoms is a disturbance in the work of the intestines when there is a problem with digestion lasting several days and diarrhea and so on alternately. Symptoms are also other digestive disorders (cramps, bloating, gas or when a person feels that something is wrong with the intestines). The symptom is blood in the feces, but macroscopic blood, because blood that can be seen with the eyes means that the disease is in an advanced stage. It is important to perform a preventive examination of feces for blood. Unusual symptoms include anemia, a feeling of weakness and nausea.
- What is colonoscopy – flexible colonoscopy is an endoscopic method that examines the inside of the organ through openings. A colonoscope is a tube with a camera on the top and a large number of mirrors that are inserted into the colon and viewed on the monitor in all parts and the entire length.
- What is a modern colonoscopy – it is a diagnostic method that detects cancer, narrowing and various other diseases (for example, Crohn’s disease). It enables small tumors and polyps to be removed because it has an interventional part, laser or electrical guides (or loops) that are used to remove polyps and send them for further examination. This is important because colon cancer in the early initial stage often occurs in the form of a polyp, which later changes and acquires the characteristics of malignant cancer.
- Is colonoscopy painful – This method has been used since the 20th century, but it is painful due to technical imperfections. Today it is different. The patient receives so-called analgesia. This is important because the patient endures the examination and remains calm (because the examination lasts 15 minutes or longer).
- How effective is this method – it is the safest and most fixed method we have today. An easily bendable optical mechanism is used. He is easily manipulated. Using a special mirror system, you have a clear picture of the state of the organs. The camera can take photos that are later used to compare the patient’s earlier and more recent condition.