Turkish rugs with motifs of events or objects designed by the weaver
The first carpets in Turkey appeared in the period from the 11th to the 13th century. Carpets have not lost their popularity to this day.
The art of carpet weaving in Turkey is still known in the world today under the influence of nomads from the Caucasus and Central Asia. In the 15th century, a considerable number of Egyptian and Persian masters emigrated to the territory of Turkey. Thus, former emigrants contributed significantly to the art of weaving carpets and motifs that are still recognized in the world today as Turkish weaving motifs. From that time on, the Ottoman Empire became one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of carpets.
Motifs in Turkish rugs are symbolic counterparts of events or objects that the weaver has designed or intends to convey. motifs also serve as an expression of emotions using symbols, just as motifs are used in other handicrafts.
For example, the Pazirik carpet is considered the oldest carpet in the world. This carpet is a reflection of the cultural elements of the Asian nomadic society. On the Pazirik carpet, the part representing a happy life is placed in the middle of the carpet, and the subjects representing the religious beliefs of those people are arranged along the borders in the reverse direction.
Some of the motifs that can be seen on Turkish carpets are as follows:
- The scorpion motif is a symbol of underground forces or evil. Due to its poisonous and deadly power, it indicates meanings such as death, disease, pain, sorrow. It is also considered a symbol of pride and freedom.
- The hook symbolizes movements that unite opposite focal points such as woman-man, sea wave, mountain valley, and is also used to symbolize marriage and fertility.
- With a hand on the waist, it is a symbol of femininity, happiness, fertility and happiness.
- Motifs of hands and fingers carry the meaning of happiness, healing and sanctity.
- The bird motif has many different meanings; happiness, joy, the soul of the deceased, identified with a woman.
- The motif of the tie shows the desire of young girls to get married; It also signifies birth and reproduction.
- The tree of life is a symbol of human steps between earth and heaven.
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