Amber is one of the first products that was traded


Amber is one of the first products that was traded
Amber was known as far back as prehistoric times, although some of us only learned about amber in physics classes at school, learning about electricity. The people of the older stone age who lived in the area of ​​Scandinavia (on the shores of the eastern Baltic, i.e. in today’s Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia and parts of Russia where the largest deposits of the famous Baltic amber are located) knew amber.
In the Balkans, the largest deposit of amber was in the city of Novi Pazar (Serbia) in a tomb in the foundations of Peter’s church. This discovery of amber is one of the richest, most diverse and most significant in the world in recent decades. Beads, rings with complex scenes made in full relief, meticulously made figurines in the archaic style, bottles for scented oils, fibulae, but also complicated and complex sets of jewelry were found there. Beads are of geometric and figural type. Found triangular plates with shallowly carved mythological scenes and figural representations are among the most beautiful and enigmatic examples of jewelry. This kind of processing is not characteristic of amber. The assumption then was that the drawings were engraved in a workshop in southern Italy. The assumption was that the drawings were made by a master specialized in metal engraving. Over 8,000 pieces and various objects made of amber were found in this tomb. All items are made in workshops on the Apennine peninsula.
Amber has fascinated people around the world for thousands of years. One of the reasons is the beautiful yellow color. Another reason may be the fact that some pieces contain undamaged parts of plants and insects.
Amber is petrified fossilized tree resin. It differs according to age according to geological origin (over 300 million years old) but also according to geographical origin. Amber is found in Northern Europe, Sicily, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, the United States of America, Burma, and Africa. Amber in Europe exists in 4 colors while in the Dominican Republic amber is present in 10 colors (including green and blue).
However, the most famous is the Baltic amber created 40 million years ago. At that time, there were forests on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea that secreted large amounts of resin. Over time, amber was created from resin, and coal was created from trees.
Amber has a specific weight similar to water, so it simply floats on the water surface (similar to soap). The waves rolled amber (like pebbles) so people collected amber on the sea shores.
Findings of jewelry and various objects made of amber in the Mediterranean, Italy, the Balkans and the Middle East confirm the theory of archaeologists about the existence of the “amber road”. This means that in prehistoric times there was contact between northern and southern Europe, and amber was an object of exchange of goods.
Amber is precious to scientists who deal with natural sciences (because it has the ability to preserve organic substances and organisms trapped in amber). Thus, a lizard was found in one piece, which began to nibble on a leaf. The most common resin captives among insects are flies. It is not uncommon to find remains of leaves, buds, pollen, spores and parts of known and unknown plants and animals. All these specimens provide precious and endless data with which paleologists and paleobotanists can reconstruct entire amber forests.

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