Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller are the greatest German writers
The greatest German writers Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) and Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805) worked at the end of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century in Germany, which was divided into 64 states and smaller state territories (Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria, Hanover, Baden and others). Their works were intended for the theater. The works were then prepared and performed in top theaters. In 2004, a block-issue of postage stamps was dedicated to these events. The name was “Classic Theatre” (two postage stamps of 45 and 100 euro cents). The first stamp shows the silhouette of Wilhelm Tell’s son with an apple on the boy’s head – hit by an arrow. It is dedicated to the premiere of the play “Wilhelm Tell” (William Tell) by Friedrich Schiller. It was shown on March 17, 1804 in the theater in Weimar. The second postage stamp shows the profile of Mephisto from Goethe’s play “Faust”. It evokes the first performance of the second part of this theater piece on March 25, 1854 at the Stadttheater in Hamburg.
Goethe was a writer of lyrical and epic poems, plays, novels and travelogues. Goethe spent most of his life in Weimar. He was the director of the theater from 1781 to 1817. Goethe was also a great friend of Friedrich Schiler. In 1799, Schiller moved to Weimar. It stays there until death. In 1722, the intensive cultural development of Weimar was initiated. The development was initiated at the invitation of the Dowager Duke of Zahsen-Weimar according to the poet Martin Viland to be the teacher of the prince. A socio-literary circle was gradually created around him with Goethe, Herderer and Schiller. The cultural atmosphere of Weimar was maintained by the work of the famous Hungarian composer Franz Liszt.