Africa (despite the name Black Continent) is diverse and unusually colorful

Africa (despite the name Black Continent) is diverse and unusually colorful
The so-called “Black Continent”, i.e. Africa, is located south of Europe, southwest of Asia and between the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Africa is probably the most colorful continent in terms of diversity and wealth of flora and fauna, vivid landscape and population diversity. Africa has numerous reserves and national parks. Africa is extremely rich in terms of biodiversity and natural beauty, although most of Africa lacks material well-being.
Throughout the African continent, there is an opinion that protected contribution zones are an invention of European colonizers. It is believed that they searched for and secured hunting areas while also preserving natural resources. Otherwise, the idea of ​​protecting areas rich in animal and plant species (as world natural heritage) was imported and implemented from Europe in the 20th century. The goal was not to catch animals, but rather to save animals from extermination that would remain in their natural habitat. Africa has more than 1.6 million square kilometers (or 14.6% of the total eastern and southern territory) and over 1.1 million square kilometers (or 10.5% of the entire western and central African territory) has been declared national parks and natural reserves.

The 18 most famous national parks and natural reserves of Africa are:

  1. Lake Botoria National Reserve in Kenya ( It is located on 107 km² of volcanic origin, characterized by hot water springs. About 130 species of birds live in the steppe, forest and swamp areas. The most numerous animals are antelopes, buffaloes, impalas, zebras and gazelles.
  2. 3 rivers flow through the Masai Mara reserve in Kenya ( Many animal species live on 1,500 km² of meadows, savannas and forests (lions, leopards, elephants, rhinos, buffalo, wildebeest, zebras, hippos, crocodiles and over 450 species of birds).
  3. Nakuru National Park is in Kenya ( This park is located around the eponymous lake of volcanic origin. Over 500 species of birds live here, as well as lions, buffaloes, and zebras. An extremely rare species of bat “Hipposideros megalotis” also lives here.
  4. Amboseli National Park in Kenya ( Many members of the Masai tribe live here. Mount Kilimanjaro dominates this area. The park is open all year round for all tourists. Numerous animals live here in parks, plains, forests, steppes and wetlands. Numerous herds of elephants, lions, buffaloes, giraffes, wildebeest, impalas, baboons, black rhinoceros, numerous reptiles and about 400 species of birds can be found here.
  5. Tsavo National Park is the largest natural fauna reserve in Kenya ( The park is located on 21,000 km². It has a diverse landscape.
  6. Serengeti National Park in Tanzania is a beautiful natural oasis. Over 3 million different animals live here (
  7. The center of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in Tanzania, where numerous zebras, wildebeest, gazelles, cheetahs, lions, leopards, elephants, numerous reptiles and various birds live. In the center is the salt lake Magadi, at the bottom of which is one of the largest volcanic craters in the world.
  8. Tanrangire National Park in Tanzania ( is characterized by vast steppes. Zebras, buffalo, wildebeest with a white beard, elephants, various reptiles and numerous species of birds live here.
  9. Manara Park is located in Tanzania, two-thirds of which is occupied by the lake of the same name The park is known for its large number of baboons and lions.
  10. Livond National Park in Mozambique ( is rich in bird species, elephants, zebras, hippos and crocodiles.
  11. Luangwa National Park in Zambia is known for its high concentration of elephants, buffaloes, hippos, crocodiles, and lions. Leopards and over 700 species of birds.
  12. The Okavango-Moremi Nature Reserve in Botswana ( is characterized by a diverse habitat where about 200 species of mammals and almost 400 species of birds live.
  13. Chobe National Park in Botswana ( is divided into 4 different eco-systems. In the central part, the savannah dominates and many elephants, lions, leopards, zebras and rare oribis live there.
  14. Etosha National Park in Namibia ( Almost all species of African reptiles and mammals live here. Most of the park is located in the valley of the same name, which was probably once a salt lake.
  15. Cape Cross Reserve in Namibia ( It is located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It was established to protect a large colony of one type of seal during the breeding season.
  16. The largest National Park in Namibia is Namib-Naukluft ( It mainly covers the desert area. The park has a lot of rare flora and Hartmann’s zebra (which is an endemic species). Hartmann’s mountain zebra (Equus zebra hartmannae) is a subspecies of the mountain zebra found in far south-western Angola and western Namibia.
  17. Transfrontalero Kalagari National Park is located on the border of Botswana and South Africa ( Here live wildebeest, giraffes, antelopes, cheetahs, jackals, lions, numerous reptiles and birds.
  1. Kruger National Park South Africa ( is home to 140 species of mammals. There are mostly buffalo, rhinoceros, lions, leopards and over 500 species of birds. Where nearly 2 million hectares of unrivaled diversity of life forms fuses with historical and archaeological sights – this is real Africa.


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