Selection of plants for business premises (shops, offices, … etc.)
Flowers have long been present in homes but also in work (business) premises. Flowers need a little attention, but they reciprocate by improving the mood of the household (employees).
Scientifically based justification has the primordial need of man to be surrounded by nature (flowers in pots, fish in an aquarium, a cage with canaries, etc.). Namely, numerous studies confirm that indoor plants should be kept in the home. There are many reasons. Indoor plants increase the concentration of oxygen during the day in the process of photosynthesis. This creates a feeling of freshness in the space and increases mental concentration and productivity.
Numerous scientific researches and engagements have been done with indoor plants (to assess the impact of plants on employee performance). Error frequency, task performance speed and mental concentration were measured. All studies have shown a 10% to 15% improvement in work ability in the presence of the plant.
The number of plants in the office space is not limited, but plants with large leaves (monster or ficus) are recommended.
Various creepers in hanging pots are suitable for small work rooms. Plants have an impact on reduced absenteeism (due to sickness) – scientists in Great Britain found. The rate of absence from work was reduced by as much as 60% in one hospital in Norway by introducing plants.
Plants also regulate air humidity, making humidity optimal for human health. About 97% of the water (absorbed by the plant) evaporates (through the leaves) into the surrounding air. This information is not an underestimation because it is known that dry air favors the development of various viral infections.
Psychiatrists agree that herbs can improve mental health (especially for depressed and lonely people)
Plants require time, attention and care, i.e. regular watering, fertilizing, cutting – which occupies people’s attention and brings peace.
Choosing a plant for the workspace
- Plants should be very resistant (like sanseveria)
- Palms that like shady places are recommended
- A good choice are plants from the ficus or sheffler family, monstera, aspidistra, dieffenbachia, tradescantia, chlorophytum, etc.
- Plants such as philadendron, ivy and dracaena reduce the concentration of harmful substances in the air by 50% to 70%
- In 10 km² there should be 1 plant – according to experts, in order to feel the beneficial effect of green plants
- Various indoor plants and the size of these plants increase the effect proportionally
- Most plants thrive better when surrounded by plants
- The older the plant, the easier it will adapt to the conditions of the working space
A third of all modern office buildings in Europe have inadequate indoor climate. This means that the air in the closed space is polluted and stale. That is why employees are more absent from work. The symptoms that employees complain about are: headache, dry throat, fatigue, dizziness, eye irritation, respiratory tract and cough, and skin irritation. The fact is that the problem would be solved simply by bringing plants into the work rooms. At the same time, employee productivity increased. Ten countries in Europe (Great Britain, Austria, Germany, Belgium, France, Italy, Switzerland, Denmark, Finland and the Netherlands) have carried out extensive research. The result of the research is summarized in 5 reasons why plants should be introduced into the work space.
-relieve fatigue, headache, coughing, eye irritation by 30%
- reduce stress and have a calming effect
- people who spend more than 4 hours in front of the computer feel better and more productive if the plants are near the monitor
-absence from work is reduced with plants
- plants have the ability to absorb noise, dust and heat.