12 tips for maintaining footwear according to the type and color of the footwear
There is a basic rule when making footwear: leather (from which modern footwear is made) is exposed to various chemical processes during tanning and dyeing. Every type of footwear should therefore be cleaned exclusively with appropriate means.
- Pastel-colored footwear – for cleaning this type and color of footwear, a liquid agent is the most suitable. The solid paste contains turpentine or special wax, which leave greasy stains on shoes of pastel shades. These types of stains are difficult to remove later. These ingredients corrode the finish (which protects both the skin and the paint).
- Aniline-dyed footwear – footwear of modern colors (sports and other types) is made of aniline-dyed leather. This is the most sensitive type of footwear. This type of footwear should therefore be cleaned with special products from the shoe store.
- White leather shoes – this type does not tolerate any stain remover (from grease or mud or others). The only way is by coating with a special agent for white shoes.
- Shoes made of snake or crocodile skin, or lizard skin are most effectively cleaned with ether-based products. Ethereal agents maintain the shine of the skin and prevent the skin from darkening.
- Black and dark-colored shoes (black, brown, yellow, chestnut, etc.) – this type is best cleaned with a product that contains fatty ingredients.
- Rough leather shoes – this type does not tolerate the usual cleaning agents. The skin will harden from the foaming liquids. Removing stains using various procedures can damage the finish of the leather and the shoes lose their color. That is why it is best to take this type of footwear to a shoemaker (or a professional) at least once a year.
- It is not advisable to use footwear lined with fur because the foot gets too hot, the foot is steamed and softens.
- Footwear made of thick leather (lined with softer leather) is the best protection against the cold and major minuses.
- Shoes in colors that we want to paint – this type accepts only black color. Otherwise, if, for example, we paint green shoes black, it may happen that the original color penetrates the surface and leaves ugly stains.
- Shoes with mud and sand on them – muddy shoes should be dried first and only then cleaned (if we don’t want the leather to harden and crack). Clean mud deposits when the shoes are dry, but away from stoves and other heat sources. Clean at moderate room temperature with slightly warm water. Rub in the shoe polish after cleaning.
- To polish shoes, always use a soft woolen cloth – small scratches will be created on the shoes from the brush. A brush (brushing shoes) will first leave small scratches that will become deeper and more visible over time.
- Cleaning sports shoes with a brush – Only coarse sports shoes (with mud and sand residues) can be brushed.