Types of footwear and the consequences of constantly wearing inappropriate footwear
Women are especially susceptible to inconvenient and painful changes in the legs (for example, swelling of the legs and veins and the formation of blisters) due to inappropriate footwear.
- Narrow shoes with tapered tips (so-called shimi shoes) – these shoes deform the fingers and especially the thumb. A person who constantly wears narrow shoes with a pointed tip may have a deformity (which is medically called Hallux valgus and popularly “bunions”). Bunions can only be removed with surgery and are accompanied by severe pain. In the later stages, degenerative complications occur on the joints (accompanied by pain and discomfort). This is solved by surgical procedures (radical correction of the position of the thumb and surgical removal of the bunion). Therefore, use these shoes only on exceptional occasions and for no more than a few hours. Do not use these shoes all day and every day.
- Shoes with too high heels – these shoes change the load ratio in the joints and bones of the feet. They often cause so-called “twisting of the joints” (the medical term is “distortion of the foot”) due to instability. These are also painful and unpleasant disorders, but they can also cause fractures, bone fractures, functional defects and disorders of the ankle joint due to long-term wear. Due to the delicacy of its function, the ankle joint is called the “queen of the joints”. And you only use these shoes on formal and rare occasions.
- People with flat soles – today this deficiency is successfully removed with massages, exercises and various professional procedures. It is preferable to always use orthopedic insoles. Do not use a too high or too low heel on your shoes. Shoes should have a 4 to 6 cm high heel. There will be less discomfort.
- Shoes that blister (or are narrow and uncomfortable) – this type of footwear will also cause complications (painful dilatation of veins and degenerative changes in the joints).
- Shoes with a moderate height during pregnancy – shoes with a moderate height are recommended during pregnancy because they prevent the appearance of varicose veins and normalize the position of the skeleton (especially the pelvis). Every pregnant woman should rest her feet often (regardless of heel height). Place your legs above body level to relieve venous circulation (which is already burdened by pregnancy). Pregnant women can visit the so-called “Medical Centers for Gymnastics for Pregnant Women” (within state or private Medical Polyclinics). Gymnastics includes, among other things, leg muscle exercises (which strengthen circulation and reduce the possibility of varicose veins).