Types of nutrition according to the health status of an adult – First part
The problem is the mutual contradiction between diets. A person cannot easily find his way among recommendations and prohibitions. However, a 12-month study compared 4 different diets from the Atkins diet (high in fat and low in carbohydrates) to the vegetarian Ornish diet (low in fat and low in carbohydrates). Weight loss is about the same among all 4 diets. The key factors are reduced calorie intake and adherence to the diet. There are many ways to achieve the same goals and there is no one-size-fits-all diet.
The most important thing is to find a long-term nutritional regime for the benefit of health
- Low carb, high-fat diet – this regimen is similar to the Atkinson diet. It means reduced intake of carbohydrates and increased intake of fats and proteins. Non-starchy vegetables, meat, poultry, seafood and fish, eggs, olive oil, coconut oil, nuts and full-fat dairy products are eaten. Fattier cuts of meat are recommended (preferably from plant-fed and organic cattle).
- The diet prohibits carbohydrates from processed foods as well as all added sugars (which certainly no one should eat, not even a completely healthy person). Here you should eat large amounts of green leafy vegetables and healthy fats from nuts and olive oil.
- The downside is that this diet can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes and worsen insulin sensitivity. This type of diet is associated with an increased risk of mortality from cancerous diseases (especially colon cancer).
- Adapt this diet to your own menu – serve vegetable sources of protein and fat (legumes, tofu, tempeh) with a little olive oil. Replace red meat with tofu and use avocado instead of butter.
- Consultations with a doctor (persons using medical therapy) is always desirable and mandatory.
- Avoiding legumes and grains with excessive intake of food of animal origin can have bad consequences for the intestinal flora. This increases the risk of many diseases (including colon cancer).