Already in 1977, the World Health Organization officially recognized Ayurvedic medicine as a natural method of treatment. Ayurveda has been practiced in India and some parts of Asia since 6,000 years ago (since the first records appeared, which were then passed on to subsequent generations). The realization is that today in the world the population is treated much more with this natural method than with modern medicine.
Ayurveda home treatment usually consists of the application of specific nutrition (according to the person’s body type and pathology). A lifestyle correction is necessary. Precisely defined exercises are performed (relaxation exercises are the most important among them).
Ayurvedic medicine has its basic postulate which reads:
Man is part of nature and perfect health is possible if harmony is achieved between individual and cosmic life.
There are many cycles in nature that also generate those within the human organism. The harmony of individual life with cosmic cycles is very important for health.
The significance of these cycles is expressed through Dinacharya (daily routine, that is, the optimal behavior of man to maintain harmony with nature). As well as the Ritucharya (a seasonal routine aligned with the seasons). “Dinacharya” in Sanskrit means “rules of the day” or a person’s daily regime. It regulates literally every aspect of the day and the whole life. The goal is to ensure the health and vitality of every person until old age.
A few typical tips that come out of Dinacharya are:
- Getting up early (approximately before dawn or when the sun rises).
- This is followed by showering, yoga and meditation.
- A healthy breakfast is prepared around 7 o’clock and should be adapted to your body type (like other meals).
- The person is engaged in usual daily activities (work or study).
- Lunch is between 12:00 and 13:00, followed by daily activities.
- Yoga and meditation follow again (about an hour)
- The evening meal is from 6 to 7 p.m.
- The person can then read, listen to music, socialize, all of which are recommended by Ayurvedic medicine.
- Sleep is approximately around 10 p.m
It should be kept in mind that this is a framework, everything depends on the type of activity of the person, psychophysical condition, health disorder.
Daily regimen and “Dinacharya” ritual according to Ayurveda
- It is necessary to get up before dawn because it is believed that a healthy person wakes up easily, cheerfully and full of energy. If it is difficult for you to wake up in the morning, it means that you have some health problems or you go to sleep late.
- Thoughts, body and mood – should be aligned after waking up. The further course of the day depends on it. A person should try to “cultivate” a positive attitude and discard all fears, doubts, negativity and unproductive thoughts.
- The body needs cleansing in the morning – one should drink one to two glasses of water after getting up because the body also needs cleansing. Then follows a trip to the toilet and a shower. Advanced adherents wash their ears, nose, eyes and tongue in addition to regular washing (using water, oil and other Ayurvedic preparations). It is believed that these washes strengthen vision and hearing and eliminate all harmful substances. Many also do massage with oil, trying to stretch and soften every part of the body.
- Physical exercises should also be practiced according to “dinacharya” because they make the body flexible and obedient. It is usually a morning yoga complex of exercises called “Salutation to the Sun”.
- For some, this daily regime will seem too complicated, but health and life in general would change after the introduction of such daily rituals (norms). This kind of care for one’s own being brings positive results.
- Food is an essential item according to Ayurveda. It is always preferable to eat at the same time (early in the morning, at noon and at sunset). Meals should contain the freshest and healthiest foods. Food should be prepared with love. It is desirable to eat in a pleasant company with good thoughts. Meals should be small in quantity.
- If you feel sleepy after a meal or are lethargic with a lack of physical, creative and mental energy – then you are eating too much and eating the wrong food (which does not please your body).
- Ideally, food should keep a person awake and efficient.
- Body and mind should be well coordinated and a person can perform any work (creative, physical, mental, intellectual, household duties, etc.). Moreover, a person should always perform some activity. A person rusts and degrades if he is idle and constantly lazy. All people need to have a purpose and each person needs to find a purpose in order for their days (and life in general) to be filled with meaning.
- Evening hours should be spent with family and friends in a positive environment. It is a period of rest and should be relaxed and calm and give the person joy and satisfaction.
- Body and soul should be in harmony before going to bed. Various yoga exercises will help here, most often “Greeting the Moon”.
- Before going to bed, it is useful to meditate, pray, think about tomorrow’s obligations and all the good things done that day.
- Sleep is around 10 pm and it is desirable to have a comfortable and spacious bed with a quality mattress and a room with plenty of fresh air.
- Nutrition is a specialty of Ayurveda. It is important to understand the impact and importance of nutrition on health. This is important from the point of view of the effect of food on the body, as well as from the aspect of food preparation.