5 interesting facts about animals from all over the world. First part

5 interesting facts about animals from all over the world. First part

  1. Butterflies – many types of butterflies (and even some types of moths) migrate. The best example is the “thistle butterfly” (vanesa), which flies from Mexico to California every spring. Members of the same butterfly species that live in Europe also fly across the Mediterranean from North Africa to Europe every spring. Millions of butterflies travel in swarms when it’s time to migrate. The most famous species is the monarch butterfly. It is a rare interesting fact that in just a few months several generations of monarch butterflies are born, which constantly fly further north in search of milkweed. Butterflies that reached the northernmost parts of Europe and America are descendants of butterflies that started their migration from the south. All surviving monarch butterflies return in huge swarms to warm regions at the beginning of summer. According to some data, these swarms cover a width of up to 30 kilometers. Such masses of monarch butterflies migrate every year and regularly follow the same paths.
  2. The life of bees during the cold winter – there are thousands of species of bees, so their lives and habits differ from each other. For people, the way of making honey and the organization of bees’ life are probably the most interesting. The bee visits the flowers (to make honey), drinks the nectar of the flowers and carries the nectar in its own bag to the queen bee. That bag is an integral part of the bee’s body (an extension of the digestive organ that is in the front part of the stomach but separate from the stomach). The sugar (which is an integral part of the nectar taken from the flowers) changes in the bag (which is the first stage in the creation of honey). The bee removes most of the water from the nectar (using the evaporation process) before processing the nectar into honey. Bumblebees, unlike bees, store nectar and liquid honey (which spoils quickly) in special cells (so-called honeypots). But that’s why the honey that bees bring into the comb (and keep it there) has almost evaporated and does not contain water at all (which is why it can last almost forever). In areas with moderate temperatures, young bumble bee queens crawl deep into holes in the sand (which they dug themselves) or some other deep places and stay there over the winter. They are the only members of the family that survive the winter at all. Each surviving queen establishes a new social community in the spring. Bees have the ability to adapt even in harsh climatic conditions. The bee community is efficient and complex, so it can be compared to the human community. The bees in the hive where they live set the temperature very precisely (which is constantly maintained at 32 degrees C in the parts where the young bees develop). The temperature in the hive during the winter must not fall below 7 degrees C. Honey is both food and fuel for bees. They have a natural gift of preventing temperature drops by increasing honey consumption.
  3. Scientists have not yet fully defined worms – the best description is that worms are elongated, spineless animals whose lower body is adapted for crawling and with a trunk that more or less ends with a clearly marked head. Worms can be divided into 2 completely equal longitudinal parts, so the left and right sides of their bodies are equal. Worms can be tiny and barely visible under a microscope, but up to 12 meters long. They have various colors from transparent to red, gray and green. The 3 most important groups are flatworms, roundworms and ringworms.
  4. Earthworm – is one of man’s best friends. By drilling deep corridors in the soil, the earthworms pulverize and crush the soil – which enables soil mixing and faster development of various crops.
  5. Snails are invertebrates – there are 2 basic groups of snails, i.e. snails with a protective mantle in the form of a shell and snails whose protective membrane is only a soft mantle (this includes snails). All members of this type of mollusk have a large foot on the underside of the abdomen. That’s why they are called Gastropods. This class includes giant sea snails that live in the depths of the ocean, but also smaller sea snails. An ordinary sea snail has a body about 2 to 3 cm long, housed in a solid shell. All snails have 1 or 2 tentacles and one pair of eyes located on the tips or at the base of the claws. Snails have a mouth that continues directly to the stomach. They have small sharp teeth at the beginning of the mouth opening. They can use their teeth to chop thin sea plants. The “oyster drill” mollusk feeds on animal food. It has a yellow shell and it tries to reach the meat of the oyster by drilling. Snails breathe using a single lung wing or gills. Their shells are created using secretions that snails secrete. As the snails grow, new spirals are created. Most snails lay eggs (a larger number have smaller eggs while a smaller number have larger eggs), In some parts of the world the meat of vineyard snails and some types of sea snails is considered a culinary delicacy.



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