The tallest (altitude) city in the world and the traditional seat of the Dalai Lama Lhasa is known for its history and its hidden beauty. The most famous legend of the city’s origin says that in the 7th century, the city was built on the heart of a demon lying beneath Tibet. Above the heart is a lake that symbolizes the blood of demons. It was therefore necessary to bury him. Goats were the only animals that were allowed to make deposits to cover the city. This is how the old name of the town “Rasa” (goat land) was born. At that time, two buildings were built and the Potala Palace and the Jokhang Temple are now part of the Lhasa cultural heritage. In the 15th century, three monasteries were built (Granden, Drepung and Sera). In the 17th century, the Fifth Dalai Lama came to power. Thus the city of Lhasa becomes the spiritual and secular seat of the Tibetans. The discussions of the monks are always loud and noisy. All kinds of human activities are discussed.
Lhasa was a small town until the second half of the last century. This was the consequence of the closed life of the Tibetans until then. After Chinese occupation and tourism growth, the population increased to more than one million inhabitants. Thousands of pilgrims gather daily in the Tibetan district. Daytime temperatures do not vary throughout the year. You can see some snow at night. This is why the holy city is a popular pilgrimage center because it is accessible throughout the year.
Tibetan Cattle “Jak” is sacred cattle and each has its own name. The whole animal is used. The most famous product is tea with strong butter. This cattle cannot survive at altitudes below 3000 meters. In eastern Tibet, women marry all the brothers in the family so one son can have several fathers. The monks from Tibeth are closer to philosophers than priests. It takes at least 6 years of school to complete to become a monk. Tibetans live in harmony with nature. That’s how they bury their dead. The so-called “heavenly funeral” is the most famous. The deceased person (after his soul leaves the body) is cut into pieces and left to the vultures. It is always more important for Tibetans to show team spirit than their own qualities. It is considered bad here if you somehow stood out (by your success) from your surroundings.
Life is easy in Lhasa. People are sympathetic. The most visited place is the Jokhang Temple. Close to the market with local specialties. Oddly enough, all residents move equally-clockwise. It is the only true way of walking around the shrine in Buddhism. Walking in the opposite direction of Buddhists arouses doubt and disbelief. Some Buddhist believers believe that they will be redeemed for their sins by walking or crawling, or standing up, kneeling, and lying on the ground every meter by one meter of walking. The temple is the center of all events in the city. A few hours a day is open to strangers. The temple houses several smaller and separate rooms containing statues of deities. The most revered statue in Tibet is the Shakyamuni Buddha statue in the Jokhang Temple. The roof overlooks the city of Lhasa. There is a symbolic statue characteristic of each monastery – two deer looking at a wheel with eight crossbars. The wheel means the wisdom of the Buddha. The whole statue means a sermon held for the first time in the woods.