The appearance and health of the plant depends on the soil in which the plant grows
Plants rely on nutrition and soil, and its quality depends on its mechanical, chemical and biological composition. You should know that garden soil does not contain enough sand, humus and mineral (nutrients). That is why special mixtures are made for the needs of ornamental plants (most often from peat, sand, clay and humus and enriched with mineral substances). In flower shops, you can buy packages of substrate for flowers in pots (most often a 5-liter package). When buying, you should check the composition on the packaging and the seal of the competent institutions. Otherwise, there is a possibility that the plant will wither due to the inappropriate composition and cleanliness of the substrate. Also, you should be careful not to buy humus by mistake (because humus is good for growing mushrooms but not flowers, to which it is added only in a certain amount).
Most ornamental plants need loose soil for a beautiful and healthy appearance. Because the soil contains air, which favors the development of aerobic microorganisms that break down organic matter, making it accessible to plants. That is why peat is added to the substrate.
Peat is of plant origin (mainly from moss that gradually decomposes). Peat is light and fibrous. Peat has no nutritional value, but it has the ability to retain mineral substances from humus and to preserve these substances in a form that plants can easily use. Peat also absorbs water, so you don’t need to be afraid when water “runs” through the land when watering. The peat will hold enough water for the plant. Peat from Ukraine is often added to the substrates, as well as ringworm humus – say agricultural engineers, as well as producers of earthworms and ready-made mixtures for flowers, plants and mushrooms.
During the growth of trees and leaves, plants have an increased need for nitrogen. During the flowering and fruiting period, plants have an increased need for phosphorus and potassium. Organic waste is broken down (passing through the earthworm organism) into basic elements that the plant can use directly. Average quality vermicompost contains 11 times more phosphorus, 7 times more potassium and 6 times more nitrate than manure. Earthworm humus (apart from microelements) also contains macroelements necessary for the beautiful and healthy development of the plant.
It is completely wrong to pour water into the pot trays so that the plant can absorb the water. Thus, the quality of the soil deteriorates and the plant feels “like in a swamp”. If you have done this, then it is best to change the soil, clean the root, wash the pot well and put fresh substrate in the pot. And the plants (with some exceptions such as the African violet) should be watered from above, and the water that is later squeezed into the tray should be poured after half an hour.
- Earthworm – the beneficial effect of earthworms on plant growth is known. That is why it is recommended that when growing plants in pots and planters, 20-30% of humus should be added to the substrate for perennial plants and 10 to 20% for annual plants.
- Flowers in the garden and ornamental plants should be fertilized with vermicompost in early spring at 100-200 grams per square meter.
- The best results when transplanting flowers are achieved if the euphorbia is mixed with soil and peat, but humus should be 30 to 40%.
- Put 100 to 300 g of humus at the bottom of the pit, because there will be no “shock” when transplanting fruit or ornamental trees. Soak the seedlings in a mixture of humus and water.
- The transplanting of sensitive plants is done by watering the plants with a solution of 250 grams of humus and 5 liters of water per square meter 15 to 20 days before (before the process). The further procedure is the same as for ordinary seedlings.
- Lawns will look beautiful if 60 to 90 grams of humus (per square meter) is spread once or twice a year or after each mowing. Efficiency increases if the humus is spread just before the rain.
- For decorative plants in pots, it is best to make a mixture of humus and soil. 20 to 30% humus is added to the soil. Already planted plants are watered with a solution of water and humus every 20 to 25 days.
- When treating the plant with nematode, you should not be afraid that the plant will burn, although this can happen if we excessively use mineral or manure.