High-heeled footwear has changed its shape throughout the millennium. At the time of its creation, this type of footwear was intended exclusively for men. In the territory of then Persia (present-day Iran) there are traces from the 20th century about the use of this type of footwear. The Persians were skilled horsemen. Over time, they realized that adding heels to riding boots had many benefits. The horseman kept better in the saddle and was more stable on the horse’s back. Thus the archer-rider more accurately fired arrows with a horse at a gallop. The owner of the boots could then easily move through the mud and dust due to the high-heeled boots.
Due to the military conflicts of the time and the merchant caravans, this invention was accepted by horsemen around the world. Today, these high-heeled boots are used by jokey and cowboys in the American West. The statue and the 12th century Ramapa Indian temple testify to the fact that women have accepted high-heeled footwear. The statue shows a woman’s feet with a heel. The population of medieval Europe accepts high-heeled shoes. The main reason was the lack of sewerage on the streets. The “chopin” shoe model is gaining popularity in Venice. These were platform shoes. The height of the platform was 75 centimeters. This led to injuries and crashes, so legislators and authorities in Venice reduced the heel height to ten times its value. In the 17th century, high-heeled shoes were part of high society. Regulations were adopted governing the height of the heel, so the bourgeoisie was entitled to heels 5 cm, nobility to 2.5 cm and princes had heels 6 cm. King Louis XIV introduced the rule that soles should be in red and that high-heeled shoes should only be worn by members of the highest nobility. The subtle feminine aesthetic contributed to the appearance of elegant high-heeled footwear.
In the mid-19th century, the use of high-heeled footwear began to be widespread. The main reason is the invention of the sewing machine. Shoemakers began to make heels faster and easier from the layers of leather they fastened to shoes. The 20th century brings a clear role to play with high-heeled shoes as 2 cm in height was sufficient. Anything over 2 cm was crazy. The appearance of “stiletto” shoes with a high heel height of 10 cm brings certain standards. The stilettos used to be made of leather, wood and cork, while the stiletto is based on high quality steel. Health care professionals believe that the height of the heel should not be more than 5 centimeters, as otherwise there would be problems with deformity of the legs and ankles, and pain in the neck, legs and back.