St. John’s wort (lat. Centauri umbellatum gilb. Gentianaceae) -annual or biennial herbaceous plant that grows in light forests, moist meadows, along river banks and the like. It blooms during the summer with tiny pink-red flowers. The taste is bitter. The smell is weaker and not pleasant.
Harvesting the plant: the flower is picked and tied into small bouquets. The upper half of the plant should be cut off to preserve the root. And enabled further reproduction. Medicinal substances are very sensitive to light, so they are stored in a dry and dark place.
Medicinal properties: in official medicine it is used as a bitter agent that stimulates secretion, enhances the work of the stomach and intestines, stimulates appetite and digestion of food. It also improves the blood picture by accelerating the formation of red blood cells and strengthens the body .. it is most often used in the composition of various tea blends because it is bitter. It is used for the preparation of various herbs (brandy), wine, aqueous extracts, tinctures and the like.
Usage: first you need to make a mixture of 30 grams of St. John’s wort, mint, and 20 grams of chamomile and thyme. One tablespoon of the mixture is poured with two decilitres of boiling water. Leave to stand covered. It is drunk unsweetened before meals.
Thyme (lat.Thymus Serpyllum L. Labiatae) -is a very common herbaceous plant used against various diseases in folk and official medicine. There are about 30 species and subspecies of the plant. It grows in the form of small and round semi-shrubs, sometimes covering large areas. It blooms throughout the summer.
Harvesting the plant: the flower is harvested throughout the summer. The essential oil is easily volatile so kneading of the flower should be avoided. It is dried in a cool and windy place. After drying, the leaves and flower should be separated from the thin stem. Store in a paper bag in a dark and cool place.
Medicinal properties: tea is used against diarrhea and baby worms. It has an antiseptic effect. It stops and destroys numerous pathogenic microorganisms. It is used for inflammatory processes of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat. Facilitates expectoration. Reduces bad breath.
Usage: tea is prepared by pouring a tablespoon of the plant with 2 decilitres of hot water. Cover the dish and let it stand for 30-40 minutes. The tea is strained and drunk during the day sweetened with honey.
Lemongrass (lat. Mellisa Officinalis L. Labiatae) -perennial herbaceous branched plant. The height is up to 1 meter. It grows wild or by cultivation. The leaves have a faint but very pleasant odor reminiscent of lemon.
Harvesting the plant: it is harvested just before flowering because that is when it has the most essential oil. When picking the leaves, they should be touched as little as possible by hand so as not to damage the small warty glandular hairs with oil on the surface. The shelf life of the leaves is 6 to 7 months.
Medicinal properties: in the professional medical literature, herbs have a calming and sedative effect. In the form of tea, it is used against bloating in the digestive organs, as an aromatic agent in tea blends, as a remedy for vomiting, nausea and diarrhea. It is often used by pregnant women in the first months of pregnancy against nausea. Mixed with some bitter herb (St. John’s wort) successfully increases appetite.
Usage: pour a tablespoon of the plant leaves with 2 decilitres of boiling water. Cover the pan and let stand for 2 hours. It is drunk unsweetened before meals or sweetened after meals.
Coltsfoot or horse hoof (lat. Tussilago farfarel Asteracaea, compositae) -is a small and perennial herbaceous plant. It blooms at the end of winter and in early spring before the leaves sprout. At the top of the stalk is a yellow head inflorescence with a pleasant smell.
Plant harvest: harvested in the first half of summer when the leaves are fully developed. It dries hard due to its sensitivity and high amount of moisture. Drying is best in a dry and windy place.
Medicinal properties: the leaf and flower have medicinal properties although the leaf is used more often because it contains more acidic mucus. Tea is recommended to relieve cough and suppress asthma attacks. It is an almost regular ingredient in tea blends against bronchitis and bronchial asthma. It is used for rinsing the mouth and throat and for enemas. Smeared with ointment or oil, the leaves are placed on bruises, cuts and inflammatory open wounds.
Rosehip (lat. Cynosbati fructus L. Rosaceae) – a false fruit of a wild rose in the form of prickly bushes 2 to 3 meters high.
Harvesting the plant: Rosehip is harvested as an unripe and hard fruit of a bright red-orange color because then it has the most vitamin C. It is dried in the sun whole or cut in half.
Medicinal properties: it is a valuable drink especially in cold and winter conditions. It contains a large amount of vitamin C and vitamin P (Citrine), carotene 8provitamin A), vitamin B2, vitamin K along with other medicinal substances (citric and malic acid, pectin, mineral element, aromatic compounds and more). It is used in various tea blends. It is especially recommended for pregnant and breastfeeding women and during the epidemic of influenza, hypo and avitaminosis, and to stop diarrhea in children and adults.
Usage: tea is made from dried and pre-chopped fruit. Pour about 15-20 grams with half a liter of boiling water. Cook for 5-6 minutes. Cover the pan and let it stand for half an hour. Strain the tea and drink it sweetened with honey or unsweetened.
Zova (lat. Sambuscus nigra L.Sambucaeae) -is a wild deciduous shrub or low tree. It blooms from May to June with tiny milky white flowers. It has a strong and characteristic smell. The fruits are small and dark purple in color.
Harvesting the plant: the inflorescences are harvested when the flowers begin to open in sunny and dry weather. They are usually strung on a string in a dry and windy place protected from the sun. Or in a very thin layer on drying coffins. The flower should dry quickly because it darkens when standing and loses its healing properties and aroma. The flowers are separated from the stalk after drying. Store in paper bags in a dry and cool place.
Medicinal properties: favorite medicine. It is used as an effective means for sweating, urination, easier coughing, etc. It is often mixed with linden flowers in case of colds and flu. Zovin flower is an ingredient in a cleansing mixture. The leaves and fruits have healing properties, but the fruits are used less often.
Sage (lat. Salvia officinalis L. Lamiaceae) -or sage is a branched and long-lived semi-shrub. The flowers are small and blue-purple. The plant is aromatic. Sage from Dalmatia (Croatia) is considered the highest quality in the world.
Harvesting the plant: the leaves are harvested in May as soon as the plant begins to bloom. Then it has the most medicinal substances.
Medicinal properties: the leaves are used for teas for rinsing the mouth, throat and pharynx, to strengthen the regeneration of the mucous membrane due to inflammatory processes and to combat throat infections. Sage tea reduces sweating, so it was used by patients with tuberculosis before the discovery of antibiotics. It is used to strengthen the body and appetite. It is a common ingredient in tea blends. In official medicine it is used as an antiseptic and dentist. Sage honey is well known and valued for its healing properties.